Napoleon Bonaparte, Emperor

Robert Lefèvre (1755-1830)

Napoleon is about forty-four in this portrait and is shown in the uniform of a French general worn with the sash and star of the Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour.

This type of full-length portrait, with all the neo-classical trappings one would expect of a royal portrait, was typical of the artists that Napoleon favoured, like Ingres and Lefèvre.

The book on the table beside Napoleon is the Code Napoléon, a civil code enacted on 21st March 1804, which had a lasting effect on civil law across continental Europe.